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== Literature ==
 
== Literature ==
[[Virginia Woolf]]'s ''[[Orlando: A Biography]]'' (1928) is one of the earliest examples of bisexuality in literature. The story about a man who changes into a woman without a second thought was based on the life of Woolf's then lover [[Vita Sackville-West]], a bisexual like Woolf herself. Woolf's used the gender switch to avoid the book being banned for homosexual content, and was successful for it. Following Sackille-West's death, her son [[Nigel Nicolson]] would publish ''[[Portrait of a Marriage]]'', one of her diaries recounting her affair with a woman during her marriage to [[Harold Nicolson]].
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[[Virginia Woolf]]'s ''[[Orlando: A Biography]]'' (1928) is one of the earliest examples of bisexuality in literature. The story about a man who changes into a woman without a second thought was based on the life of Woolf's then lover [[Vita Sackville-West]], a bisexual like Woolf herself. Woolf's used the gender switch to avoid the book being banned for homosexual content, and was successful for it. Following Sackille-West's death, her son [[Nigel Nicolson]] would publish ''[[Portrait of a Marriage]]'', one of her diaries recounting her affair with a woman during her marriage to [[Harold Nicolson]].
 
Other early, subtle examples include works of [[D.H. Lawrence]], such as ''[[Women in Love]]'' (1920), and [[Colette]]'s ''[[Claudine à l'école|Claudine]]'' (1900-1903) series.
 
Other early, subtle examples include works of [[D.H. Lawrence]], such as ''[[Women in Love]]'' (1920), and [[Colette]]'s ''[[Claudine à l'école|Claudine]]'' (1900-1903) series.
   
In more recent years, following a more socially liberal perspective of sexuality, bisexuality has become more common in literature. This includes the work of [[Bret Easton Ellis]], [[Anne Rice]], and [[Alice Walker]].
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In more recent years, following a more socially liberal perspective of sexuality, bisexuality has become more common in literature. This includes the work of [[Bret Easton Ellis]], [[Anne Rice]], Annie Proulx, and [[Alice Walker]].
   
 
=== Comic books ===
 
=== Comic books ===
In 1981, ''X-men'' writer Chris Claremont intended the character [[Destiny (Irene Adler)|Destiny]] to be the lover of [[Brotherhood of Mutants]] teammate [[Mystique (comics)|Mystique]], a shapeshifter, and had originally intended for Destiny and Mystique to be Nightcrawler's biological parents, with Mystique taking the form of a man for the conception. However, Marvel editors did not allow gay or bisexual characters at that time and the idea was abandoned.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://goodcomics.comicbookresources.com/2005/09/01/comic-book-urban-legends-revealed-14/|title=Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed|last=|first=|date=|publisher=|accessdate=2006-07-24}}</ref>
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In 1981, ''X-men'' writer Chris Claremont intended the character [[Destiny (Irene Adler)|Destiny]] to be the lover of [[Brotherhood of Mutants]] teammate [[Mystique (comics)|Mystique]], a shapeshifter, and had originally intended for Destiny and Mystique to be Nightcrawler's biological parents, with Mystique taking the form of a man for the conception. However, Marvel editors did not allow gay or bisexual characters at that time and the idea was abandoned.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://goodcomics.comicbookresources.com/2005/09/01/comic-book-urban-legends-revealed-14/|title=Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed|last=|first=|date=|publisher=|accessdate=2006-07-24}}</ref>
   
 
== Cinema ==
 
== Cinema ==
British film ''[[Sunday Bloody Sunday]]'' (1971) portrayed a bisexual male named Bob with a lover of each gender. This was one of the earliest portrayals to be explicit on the subject of bisexuality, though film versions of several novels involving bisexuality, such as ''[[Women in Love (film)|Women in Love]]'' (1969) and ''[[Goldfinger (film)|Goldfinger]]'' (1964) had been released earlier.[http://www.emanuellevy.com/article.php?articleID=2834] The film is told from the perspectives of the homosexual partner and the heterosexual partner. Critics of the time described Bob as "shallow", "callous", and "selfish". <ref name=The Bisexual Option>{{cite book |last=Klein |first=Fritz |authorlink=Fritz Klein |title=The Bisexual Option |publisher=[[Harrington Park Press]] |date=1993 |location=New York |isbn=1560230339 }}</ref> The following year, the American [[musical]] ''[[Cabaret (film)|Cabaret]]'' was released as a film, featuring a bisexual protagonist.
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British film ''[[Sunday Bloody Sunday]]'' (1971) portrayed a bisexual male named Bob with a lover of each gender. This was one of the earliest portrayals to be explicit on the subject of bisexuality, though film versions of several novels involving bisexuality, such as ''[[Women in Love (film)|Women in Love]]'' (1969) and ''[[Goldfinger (film)|Goldfinger]]'' (1964) had been released earlier.[http://www.emanuellevy.com/article.php?articleID=2834] The film is told from the perspectives of the homosexual partner and the heterosexual partner. Critics of the time described Bob as "shallow", "callous", and "selfish". <ref name=The Bisexual Option>{{cite book |last=Klein |first=Fritz |authorlink=Fritz Klein |title=The Bisexual Option |publisher=[[Harrington Park Press]] |date=1993 |location=New York |isbn=1560230339 }}</ref> The following year, the American [[musical]] ''[[Cabaret (film)|Cabaret]]'' was released as a film, featuring a bisexual protagonist.
   
[[1975 in film|1975]] saw the release of ''[[The Rocky Horror Picture Show]]'', a musical about a bisexual antihero. Memorable films involving bisexuality from the 1980s include the film adaptation of ''[[The Color Purple (film)|The Color Purple]]'' (1985) and ''[[The Hunger]]'' (1983).
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[[1975 in film|1975]] saw the release of ''[[The Rocky Horror Picture Show]]'', a musical about a bisexual antihero. Memorable films involving bisexuality from the 1980s include the film adaptation of ''[[The Color Purple (film)|The Color Purple]]'' (1985) and ''[[The Hunger]]'' (1983).
   
In the early nineties, independent film ''[[Go Fish]]'' (1994), which portrays a lesbian love story, had a bisexual moment in which a [[lesbian-identified]] character has sex with a man and on her way home is challenged by a "jury," who question whether a woman who has sex with a man can call herself a lesbian. She contrasts how a gay man who has sex with a woman is characterized as being "bored, drunk [or] lonely" but if a lesbian has sex with a man "her whole life choice becomes suspect." In 1997, Kevin Smith's ''[[Chasing Amy]]'' took on the question of sexual identity in a story about a lesbian-identified woman who falls in love with a man.
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In the early nineties, independent film ''[[Go Fish]]'' (1994), which portrays a lesbian love story, had a bisexual moment in which a [[lesbian-identified]] character has sex with a man and on her way home is challenged by a "jury," who question whether a woman who has sex with a man can call herself a lesbian. She contrasts how a gay man who has sex with a woman is characterized as being "bored, drunk [or] lonely" but if a lesbian has sex with a man "her whole life choice becomes suspect." In 1997, Kevin Smith's ''[[Chasing Amy]]'' took on the question of sexual identity in a story about a lesbian-identified woman who falls in love with a man, and ends with a straight-identified male beginning to question his attitudes and identity.
   
Bisexuality in film has become increasingly common in the last few decades, seen in popular mainstream films such as ''[[Brokeback Mountain (film)|Brokeback Mountain]]'' (2005), ''[[Rent (film)|Rent]]'' (2005), ''[[Kinsey (film)|Kinsey]]'' (2004), ''[[Y tu mamá también]]'' (2001) and ''[[Alexander (film)|Alexander]]'' (2004). In 2007, the musical ''[[Love Songs (film)|Love Songs]]'' was released in France to considerable success and a Golden Palm nomination.
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Bisexuality in film has become increasingly common in the last few decades, seen in popular mainstream films such as ''[[Brokeback Mountain (film)|Brokeback Mountain]]'' (2005), ''[[Rent (film)|Rent]]'' (2005), ''[[Kinsey (film)|Kinsey]]'' (2004), ''[[Y tu mamá también]]'' (2001) and ''[[Alexander (film)|Alexander]]'' (2004). In 2007, the musical ''[[Love Songs (film)|Love Songs]]'' was released in France to considerable success and a Golden Palm nomination.
   
1992's ''[[Basic Instinct]]'' recieved controversy from the bisexual community for portraying a bisexual as a psychopathic killer. [http://www.glaad.org/programs/cim/birepresentations.php?PHPSESSID=8f0d8d7de0c08b2986df9e94a1b6aa41]
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1992's ''[[Basic Instinct]]'' created controversy in the bisexual community for portraying a bisexual as a psychopathic killer. [http://www.glaad.org/programs/cim/birepresentations.php?PHPSESSID=8f0d8d7de0c08b2986df9e94a1b6aa41]
   
It's not uncommon for film adaptations of bisexual-themed novels to remove the bisexual content, as well as later revisions of original screenplays.[http://www.glaad.org/programs/cim/birepresentations.php?PHPSESSID=8f0d8d7de0c08b2986df9e94a1b6aa41] This is apparent in films such as ''[[Less Than Zero (film)|Less Than Zero]]'' (1987), ''[[Hair (film)|Hair]]'' (1979), ''[[Midnight Express]]'' (1974) (affair between prisoners becomes fictionalized rape) and ''[[The Dreamers (film)|The Dreamers]]'' (2003).
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It's not uncommon for film adaptations of bisexual-themed novels to remove the bisexual content, as well as later revisions of original screenplays.[http://www.glaad.org/programs/cim/birepresentations.php?PHPSESSID=8f0d8d7de0c08b2986df9e94a1b6aa41] This is apparent in films such as ''[[Less Than Zero (film)|Less Than Zero]]'' (1987), ''[[Hair (film)|Hair]]'' (1979), ''[[Midnight Express]]'' (1974) (affair between prisoners becomes fictionalized rape) and ''[[The Dreamers (film)|The Dreamers]]'' (2003).
   
 
[[2008 in film|2008]] saw the release of a documentary called ''[[Bi the Way]]'', which attempts to portray common lives of bisexual people in the [[United States]].
 
[[2008 in film|2008]] saw the release of a documentary called ''[[Bi the Way]]'', which attempts to portray common lives of bisexual people in the [[United States]].
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== Internet/Web TV ==
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Beginning in 2009 a [[Web television|web TV]] series [[Rose by Any Other Name...]]<ref name="Rose">{{cite web |url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EKZoCaVZu3c|title=Rose By Any Other Name }}</ref> produced by [[FenceSitter Films]].<ref name="Fencesitter">{{cite web |url=http://www.fencesitterfilms.com|title=Fencesitter Films}}</ref> began showing on [[YouTube]]. The story follows the main characters Rose a comfortably out woman who identifies as [[lesbian]] and Anthony a [[Heterosexuality|straight]] man who serendipitously meet and then unexpectedly find themselves falling for each other. Rose has to navigate the reaction of her friends (they aren't thrilled) and her family (they are) while Anthony too has to deal with his friends who are equally nonplussed.<ref name="BiNet Kyle">{{cite web |url=http://binetusa.blogspot.com/2009/10/from-out-bi-director-kyle-schickner.html|title=From Out Bi Director Kyle Schickner}}</ref>
   
 
== Television ==
 
== Television ==
Bisexual characters appear in television series such as Karen Walker in the sitcom ''[[Will & Grace|Will &amp; Grace]]'', and ''[[All My Children]]''. In a 1988 episode of NBC drama ''[[Midnight Caller]]'', "After it Happened", a bisexual man is depicted as an [[AIDS]] [[Vector (biology)|carrier]] who deliberately infects [[heterosexual|straight women]]. This episode proved highly controversial in the bisexual community.
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Bisexual characters appear in television series such as Karen Walker in the sitcom ''[[Will & Grace|Will &amp; Grace]]'', and ''[[All My Children]]''. In a 1988 episode of NBC drama ''[[Midnight Caller]]'', "After it Happened", a bisexual man is depicted as an [[AIDS]] [[Vector (biology)|carrier]] who deliberately infects [[heterosexual|straight women]]. This episode proved highly controversial in the bisexual community.
In 1990, a [[BBC]] mini-series adaptation of ''Portrait of a Marriage'' aired. In 2001, another bisexual-themed miniseries aired called ''[[Bob and Rose]]'', written by ''[[Queer as Folk (UK)|Queer as Folk]]'' creator [[Russell T Davies|Russell T. Davies]]. The mini-series is about a gay man who falls in love with a straight woman, and is based on the experience of a friend of Davies. <ref>{{cite web|url=http://observer.guardian.co.uk/screen/story/0,6903,545464,00.html|title=''A Rose by any other name''|last=Davies|first=Russell|date=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-08-13}}</ref>
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In 1990, a [[BBC]] mini-series adaptation of ''Portrait of a Marriage'' aired. In 2001, another bisexual-themed miniseries aired called ''[[Bob and Rose]]'', written by ''[[Queer as Folk (UK)|Queer as Folk]]'' creator [[Russell T Davies|Russell T. Davies]]. The mini-series is about a gay man who falls in love with a straight woman, and is based on the experience of a friend of Davies. <ref>{{cite web|url=http://observer.guardian.co.uk/screen/story/0,6903,545464,00.html|title=''A Rose by any other name''|last=Davies|first=Russell|date=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-08-13}}</ref>
   
''[[Torchwood]]'' is a spin-off of long running British sci-fi ''[[Doctor Who]]'', created by Russell T Davies. The show is based in Cardiff, Wales, and deals with several LGBT themes, specifically bisexuality. Each of the main characters in ''Torchwood'' has same-sex encounters at some point in the first season,<ref name="gay times">{{cite journal
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''[[Torchwood]]'' is a spin-off of long running British sci-fi ''[[Doctor Who]]'', created by Russell T Davies. The show is based in Cardiff, Wales, and deals with several LGBT themes, specifically bisexuality. Each of the main characters in ''Torchwood'' has same-sex encounters at some point in the first season,<ref name="gay times">{{cite journal
 
| last = Martin
 
| last = Martin
 
| first = Daniel
 
| first = Daniel
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}}</ref> Davies has said that he hopes to defy audience expectations of [[monosexuality|monosexual]] characters:
 
}}</ref> Davies has said that he hopes to defy audience expectations of [[monosexuality|monosexual]] characters:
   
"Without making it political or dull, this is going to be a very bisexual programme. I want to knock down the barriers so we can't define which of the characters is gay. We need to start mixing things up, rather than thinking, 'This is a gay character and he'll only ever go off with men.'" - Russel T. Davies
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"Without making it political or dull, this is going to be a very bisexual programme. I want to knock down the barriers so we can't define which of the characters is gay. We need to start mixing things up, rather than thinking, 'This is a gay character and he'll only ever go off with men.'" - Russel T. Davies
   
The lead male in the series, [[Captain Jack Harkness]] originated in parent series ''Doctor Who'', which is considered a family show, as opposed to ''Torchwood'''s adult orienation. Davies has also described Jack as [[omnisexual]].
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The lead male in the series, [[Captain Jack Harkness]] originated in parent series ''Doctor Who'', which is considered a family show, as opposed to ''Torchwood'''s adult orienation. Davies has also described Jack as [[omnisexual]].
   
 
The high rated [[MTV]] series, ''[[A Shot At Love With Tila Tequila]]'' (2007), is a bisexual [[reality show]]. [[Tila Tequila]], is the bisexual bachelorette, trying to find love from 16 straight males and 16 lesbians.
 
The high rated [[MTV]] series, ''[[A Shot At Love With Tila Tequila]]'' (2007), is a bisexual [[reality show]]. [[Tila Tequila]], is the bisexual bachelorette, trying to find love from 16 straight males and 16 lesbians.
   
 
In a 2008 New York Times interview, actor [[Sean Hayes (actor)|Sean Hayes]] revealed he is working on a television project called ''Bi-Coastal'' about "a guy with a wife and kids in California and a boyfriend in New York." <ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/06/theater/06mcge.html?8dpc=&_r=3&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin&adxnnlx=1218596404-GpRhqaBreKmsEu7JVLJb1Q|title=New York Times Interview|last=|first=|date=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-08-14}}</ref>
 
In a 2008 New York Times interview, actor [[Sean Hayes (actor)|Sean Hayes]] revealed he is working on a television project called ''Bi-Coastal'' about "a guy with a wife and kids in California and a boyfriend in New York." <ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/06/theater/06mcge.html?8dpc=&_r=3&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin&adxnnlx=1218596404-GpRhqaBreKmsEu7JVLJb1Q|title=New York Times Interview|last=|first=|date=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-08-14}}</ref>
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'''MTV's ''The Real World'' '''
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On December 30, 2009, [[MTV]] premiered their 23rd season of the show ''[[The Real World]]''.<ref name="Real World DC">{{cite web |url=http://www.mtv.com/shows/real_world/Washingtondc/series.jhtml |title=Real World DC}}</ref> The series took place in [[Washington DC]], and features two [[bisexual]] characters,<ref name="Real World Bisexuals">{{cite web |url=http://www.queerty.com/forget-the-token-gay-tonights-real-world-dc-premiere-has-2-bisexuals-20091230/ |title=Real World Bisexuals}}</ref><ref name="Show me your bisexuals">{{cite web |url=http://www.autostraddle.com/real-world-washington-dc-recap-26581 |title=Show me your bisexuals}}</ref> Emily Schromm,<ref name="Emily Schromm talks">{{cite web |url=http://www.starpulse.com/news/index.php/2009/12/28/real_world_d_c_star_emily_schromm_talks_ |title=Emily Schromm talks}}</ref> and Mike Manning.<ref name="Mike Manning Metro Weekly">{{cite web |url=http://www.metroweekly.com/feature/?ak=4765 |title=Mike Manning Metro Weekly}}</ref> Manning's sexuality appears to have generated some controversy, with both bloggers and many comments on blogs saying that he is really [[gay]],<ref name="Mike Manning Bi history and controversy">{{cite web |url=http://www.queerty.com/the-entire-bi-sexual-history-of-real-world-d-c-s-mike-manning-20091231/ |title=Mike Manning Bi history and controversy}}</ref><ref name="Bi Now, Gay Later">{{cite web |url=http://artwingny.wordpress.com/2010/01/05/bi-now-gay-later-real-world-d-c-s-mike-manning/ |title=Bi Now, Gay Later}}</ref> although he himself identifies as bisexual and has dated both sexes.<ref name="Mike Manning Metro Weekly">{{cite web |url=http://www.metroweekly.com/feature/?ak=4765 |title=Mike Manning Metro Weekly}}</ref>
   
 
== Music ==
 
== Music ==
[[David Bowie]]'s androgynous appearance and open bisexuality was reflected in a some of his songs, in particular "[[John, I'm Only Dancing]]" (1972). The original video directed by Mick Rock, featuring [[androgyny|androgynous]] dancers from Lindsay Kemp's mime troupe, was banned by ''[[Top of the Pops]]''.<ref name="Strange Fascination">David Buckley (1999). ''Strange Fascination - David Bowie: The Definitive Story'': pp.169-170</ref> The single was not released in America, being judged too risqué by [[RCA Records|RCA]]<ref name="The Complete David Bowie">[[Nicholas Pegg]] - The Complete David Bowie: pp.112-113 </ref>.
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[[David Bowie]]'s androgynous appearance and open bisexuality was reflected in a some of his songs, in particular "[[John, I'm Only Dancing]]" (1972). The original video directed by Mick Rock, featuring [[androgyny|androgynous]] dancers from Lindsay Kemp's mime troupe, was banned by ''[[Top of the Pops]]''.<ref name="Strange Fascination">David Buckley (1999). ''Strange Fascination - David Bowie: The Definitive Story'': pp.169-170</ref> The single was not released in America, being judged too risqué by [[RCA Records|RCA]]<ref name="The Complete David Bowie">[[Nicholas Pegg]] - The Complete David Bowie: pp.112-113 </ref>.
   
Bisexual singer/songwriter [[Tom Robinson |Tom Robinson]], famous for his 1976 single "Glad to be Gay," was known as a homosexual activist until he fell in love with and married a woman. A number of his songs, such as Blood Brother (1990), have bisexual themes. As a bisexual activist, he now runs [http://www.bothways.com BothWays.com].
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Bisexual singer/songwriter [[Tom Robinson |Tom Robinson]], famous for his 1976 single "Glad to be Gay," was known as a homosexual activist until he fell in love with and married a woman. A number of his songs, such as Blood Brother (1990), have bisexual themes. As a bisexual activist, he now runs [http://www.bothways.com BothWays.com].
   
In 1995, [[Jill Sobule]]'s song "[[I Kissed a Girl]]" was met with considerable success. The song told the story of flirtation between two suburban female friends, both with male partners.
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In 1995, [[Jill Sobule]]'s song "[[I Kissed a Girl]]" was met with considerable success. The song told the story of flirtation between two suburban female friends, both with male partners.
   
 
In 2003, [[Britney Spears]] staged a kiss with [[Madonna (entertainer)|Madonna]] (who also kissed [[Christina Aguilera]] in the same performance) on an [[MTV Video Music Awards]] performance that would continue to fuel bisexual chic, and at the time many news and tabloid outsources referred to it as "[[lesbian chic]]", [http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1477729/20030828/spears_britney.jhtml?headlines=true] [http://extratv.warnerbros.com/dailynews/extra/09_03/09_02c.html] since it was clear from her impending marriage to [[Kevin Federline]] that Spears was certainly not a [[monosexual]] lesbian. The kiss is seen as a publicity stunt but helped to fuel the ever-growing trend. In November 2006, [[Paris Hilton]] appeared in public with her hand on Spears' left breast.<ref>[http://www.playfuls.com/news_00001729_Britney_Spears_Groped_By_Paris_Hilton.html Playfuls.com - Play your life!<!--Bot-generated title-->]</ref>
 
In 2003, [[Britney Spears]] staged a kiss with [[Madonna (entertainer)|Madonna]] (who also kissed [[Christina Aguilera]] in the same performance) on an [[MTV Video Music Awards]] performance that would continue to fuel bisexual chic, and at the time many news and tabloid outsources referred to it as "[[lesbian chic]]", [http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1477729/20030828/spears_britney.jhtml?headlines=true] [http://extratv.warnerbros.com/dailynews/extra/09_03/09_02c.html] since it was clear from her impending marriage to [[Kevin Federline]] that Spears was certainly not a [[monosexual]] lesbian. The kiss is seen as a publicity stunt but helped to fuel the ever-growing trend. In November 2006, [[Paris Hilton]] appeared in public with her hand on Spears' left breast.<ref>[http://www.playfuls.com/news_00001729_Britney_Spears_Groped_By_Paris_Hilton.html Playfuls.com - Play your life!<!--Bot-generated title-->]</ref>
   
In 2004, the popular alternative punk band My Chemical Romance released their album, Three Cheers for Sweet Revenge. In the album, one of the songs, "You Know What They Do To Guys Like Us In Prison," touches on bisexual realtionships and prison rape. Gerard Way stated that the song was mainly focused on a game of truth or dare, where he was dared to kiss Bert McCracken of The Used. At many of the band's live shows though, a kiss is often shared between Gerard Way and Frank Iero. Both members have stated that they are not gay and "just like to play around." Also, in the music video for, "I'm Not Okay (I Promise)," Iero is seen kissing Way on the cheek, where he says "Trust me."
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In 2004, the popular alternative punk band My Chemical Romance released their album, Three Cheers for Sweet Revenge. In the album, one of the songs, "You Know What They Do To Guys Like Us In Prison," touches on bisexual relationships and prison rape. Gerard Way stated that the song was mainly focused on a game of truth or dare, where he was dared to kiss Bert McCracken of The Used. At many of the band's live shows though, a kiss is often shared between Gerard Way and Frank Iero. Iero has stated that he is not gay, and Way’s sexuality is unlabelled, but both stating they "just like to play around." Also, in the music video for, "I'm Not Okay (I Promise)," Iero is seen kissing Way on the cheek, where he says "Trust me."
   
In 2008, [[Katy Perry]] released a song called "[[I Kissed a Girl]]", though it is unrelated to the Jill Sobule version. It was by received Billboard Top 40 success. The song is about a girl's curiosity about kissing another girl, though she has a boyfriend.
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In 2008, [[Katy Perry]] released a song called "[[I Kissed a Girl]]", though it is unrelated to the Jill Sobule version. It was by received Billboard Top 40 success. The song is about a girl's curiosity about kissing another girl, though she has a boyfriend.
   
 
== Video games ==
 
== Video games ==
 
The 1995 game ''[[Phantasmagoria (computer game)|Phantasmagoria 2: A Puzzle of Flesh]]'' was the first to establish a playable bisexual character. Several video games including ''[[The Sims]]'', ''[[Fallout 2]]'', ''[[Fable (video game)|Fable]]'' and ''[[Bully (video game)|Bully]]'' allow potential bisexual romantic or sexual behavior.
 
The 1995 game ''[[Phantasmagoria (computer game)|Phantasmagoria 2: A Puzzle of Flesh]]'' was the first to establish a playable bisexual character. Several video games including ''[[The Sims]]'', ''[[Fallout 2]]'', ''[[Fable (video game)|Fable]]'' and ''[[Bully (video game)|Bully]]'' allow potential bisexual romantic or sexual behavior.
   
In the video game series ''[[Metal Gear Solid]]'', the villain Vamp is known to be bisexual, and is revealed in dialogue to have adopted the name as an indication of this. Another bisexual villain appears in ''[[Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater]]'' named [[Colonel Volgin]].
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In the video game series ''[[Metal Gear Solid]]'', the villain Vamp is known to be bisexual, and is revealed in dialogue to have adopted the name as an indication of this. Another bisexual villain appears in ''[[Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater]]'' named [[Colonel Volgin]].
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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* Thomas Geller's ''[[Bisexuality: A Reader and Sourcebook]]'' (1990)
 
* Thomas Geller's ''[[Bisexuality: A Reader and Sourcebook]]'' (1990)
 
*''[[The Bisexual Option]]'' - [[Fritz Klein]]'s psychological exploration of the bisexual.
 
*''[[The Bisexual Option]]'' - [[Fritz Klein]]'s psychological exploration of the bisexual.
*[http://www.outfilms.com/top10bisexual.cfm Out Films: Top 10 bisexual movies]
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*[http://www.outfilms.com/top10bisexual.cfm Out Films: Top 10 bisexual movies]
 
*[http://www.glbtq.com/literature/bisex_lit.html Bisexual Literature]
 
*[http://www.glbtq.com/literature/bisex_lit.html Bisexual Literature]
 
*[http://afterelton.com AfterElton.com] about gay and bisexual men in entertainment
 
*[http://afterelton.com AfterElton.com] about gay and bisexual men in entertainment

Latest revision as of 00:24, 23 August 2021

The portrayal of bisexuality in the media reflects societal attitudes towards bisexuality.

Literature[]

Virginia Woolf's Orlando: A Biography (1928) is one of the earliest examples of bisexuality in literature. The story about a man who changes into a woman without a second thought was based on the life of Woolf's then lover Vita Sackville-West, a bisexual like Woolf herself. Woolf's used the gender switch to avoid the book being banned for homosexual content, and was successful for it. Following Sackille-West's death, her son Nigel Nicolson would publish Portrait of a Marriage, one of her diaries recounting her affair with a woman during her marriage to Harold Nicolson. Other early, subtle examples include works of D.H. Lawrence, such as Women in Love (1920), and Colette's Claudine (1900-1903) series.

In more recent years, following a more socially liberal perspective of sexuality, bisexuality has become more common in literature. This includes the work of Bret Easton Ellis, Anne Rice, Annie Proulx, and Alice Walker.

Comic books[]

In 1981, X-men writer Chris Claremont intended the character Destiny to be the lover of Brotherhood of Mutants teammate Mystique, a shapeshifter, and had originally intended for Destiny and Mystique to be Nightcrawler's biological parents, with Mystique taking the form of a man for the conception. However, Marvel editors did not allow gay or bisexual characters at that time and the idea was abandoned.[1]

Cinema[]

British film Sunday Bloody Sunday (1971) portrayed a bisexual male named Bob with a lover of each gender. This was one of the earliest portrayals to be explicit on the subject of bisexuality, though film versions of several novels involving bisexuality, such as Women in Love (1969) and Goldfinger (1964) had been released earlier.[1] The film is told from the perspectives of the homosexual partner and the heterosexual partner. Critics of the time described Bob as "shallow", "callous", and "selfish". Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; invalid names, e.g. too many The following year, the American musical Cabaret was released as a film, featuring a bisexual protagonist.

1975 saw the release of The Rocky Horror Picture Show, a musical about a bisexual antihero. Memorable films involving bisexuality from the 1980s include the film adaptation of The Color Purple (1985) and The Hunger (1983).

In the early nineties, independent film Go Fish (1994), which portrays a lesbian love story, had a bisexual moment in which a lesbian-identified character has sex with a man and on her way home is challenged by a "jury," who question whether a woman who has sex with a man can call herself a lesbian. She contrasts how a gay man who has sex with a woman is characterized as being "bored, drunk [or] lonely" but if a lesbian has sex with a man "her whole life choice becomes suspect." In 1997, Kevin Smith's Chasing Amy took on the question of sexual identity in a story about a lesbian-identified woman who falls in love with a man, and ends with a straight-identified male beginning to question his attitudes and identity.

Bisexuality in film has become increasingly common in the last few decades, seen in popular mainstream films such as Brokeback Mountain (2005), Rent (2005), Kinsey (2004), Y tu mamá también (2001) and Alexander (2004). In 2007, the musical Love Songs was released in France to considerable success and a Golden Palm nomination.

1992's Basic Instinct created controversy in the bisexual community for portraying a bisexual as a psychopathic killer. [2]

It's not uncommon for film adaptations of bisexual-themed novels to remove the bisexual content, as well as later revisions of original screenplays.[3] This is apparent in films such as Less Than Zero (1987), Hair (1979), Midnight Express (1974) (affair between prisoners becomes fictionalized rape) and The Dreamers (2003).

2008 saw the release of a documentary called Bi the Way, which attempts to portray common lives of bisexual people in the United States.


Internet/Web TV[]

Beginning in 2009 a web TV series Rose by Any Other Name...[2] produced by FenceSitter Films.[3] began showing on YouTube. The story follows the main characters Rose a comfortably out woman who identifies as lesbian and Anthony a straight man who serendipitously meet and then unexpectedly find themselves falling for each other. Rose has to navigate the reaction of her friends (they aren't thrilled) and her family (they are) while Anthony too has to deal with his friends who are equally nonplussed.[4]

Television[]

Bisexual characters appear in television series such as Karen Walker in the sitcom Will & Grace, and All My Children. In a 1988 episode of NBC drama Midnight Caller, "After it Happened", a bisexual man is depicted as an AIDS carrier who deliberately infects straight women. This episode proved highly controversial in the bisexual community. In 1990, a BBC mini-series adaptation of Portrait of a Marriage aired. In 2001, another bisexual-themed miniseries aired called Bob and Rose, written by Queer as Folk creator Russell T. Davies. The mini-series is about a gay man who falls in love with a straight woman, and is based on the experience of a friend of Davies. [5]

Torchwood is a spin-off of long running British sci-fi Doctor Who, created by Russell T Davies. The show is based in Cardiff, Wales, and deals with several LGBT themes, specifically bisexuality. Each of the main characters in Torchwood has same-sex encounters at some point in the first season,[6] with The Sun describing all of the characters on Torchwood as bisexual.[7] Davies has said that he hopes to defy audience expectations of monosexual characters:

"Without making it political or dull, this is going to be a very bisexual programme. I want to knock down the barriers so we can't define which of the characters is gay. We need to start mixing things up, rather than thinking, 'This is a gay character and he'll only ever go off with men.'" - Russel T. Davies

The lead male in the series, Captain Jack Harkness originated in parent series Doctor Who, which is considered a family show, as opposed to Torchwood's adult orienation. Davies has also described Jack as omnisexual.

The high rated MTV series, A Shot At Love With Tila Tequila (2007), is a bisexual reality show. Tila Tequila, is the bisexual bachelorette, trying to find love from 16 straight males and 16 lesbians.

In a 2008 New York Times interview, actor Sean Hayes revealed he is working on a television project called Bi-Coastal about "a guy with a wife and kids in California and a boyfriend in New York." [8]

MTV's The Real World

On December 30, 2009, MTV premiered their 23rd season of the show The Real World.[9] The series took place in Washington DC, and features two bisexual characters,[10][11] Emily Schromm,[12] and Mike Manning.[13] Manning's sexuality appears to have generated some controversy, with both bloggers and many comments on blogs saying that he is really gay,[14][15] although he himself identifies as bisexual and has dated both sexes.[13]

Music[]

David Bowie's androgynous appearance and open bisexuality was reflected in a some of his songs, in particular "John, I'm Only Dancing" (1972). The original video directed by Mick Rock, featuring androgynous dancers from Lindsay Kemp's mime troupe, was banned by Top of the Pops.[16] The single was not released in America, being judged too risqué by RCA[17].

Bisexual singer/songwriter Tom Robinson, famous for his 1976 single "Glad to be Gay," was known as a homosexual activist until he fell in love with and married a woman. A number of his songs, such as Blood Brother (1990), have bisexual themes. As a bisexual activist, he now runs BothWays.com.

In 1995, Jill Sobule's song "I Kissed a Girl" was met with considerable success. The song told the story of flirtation between two suburban female friends, both with male partners.

In 2003, Britney Spears staged a kiss with Madonna (who also kissed Christina Aguilera in the same performance) on an MTV Video Music Awards performance that would continue to fuel bisexual chic, and at the time many news and tabloid outsources referred to it as "lesbian chic", [4] [5] since it was clear from her impending marriage to Kevin Federline that Spears was certainly not a monosexual lesbian. The kiss is seen as a publicity stunt but helped to fuel the ever-growing trend. In November 2006, Paris Hilton appeared in public with her hand on Spears' left breast.[18]

In 2004, the popular alternative punk band My Chemical Romance released their album, Three Cheers for Sweet Revenge. In the album, one of the songs, "You Know What They Do To Guys Like Us In Prison," touches on bisexual relationships and prison rape. Gerard Way stated that the song was mainly focused on a game of truth or dare, where he was dared to kiss Bert McCracken of The Used. At many of the band's live shows though, a kiss is often shared between Gerard Way and Frank Iero. Iero has stated that he is not gay, and Way’s sexuality is unlabelled, but both stating they "just like to play around." Also, in the music video for, "I'm Not Okay (I Promise)," Iero is seen kissing Way on the cheek, where he says "Trust me."

In 2008, Katy Perry released a song called "I Kissed a Girl", though it is unrelated to the Jill Sobule version. It was by received Billboard Top 40 success. The song is about a girl's curiosity about kissing another girl, though she has a boyfriend.

Video games[]

The 1995 game Phantasmagoria 2: A Puzzle of Flesh was the first to establish a playable bisexual character. Several video games including The Sims, Fallout 2, Fable and Bully allow potential bisexual romantic or sexual behavior.

In the video game series Metal Gear Solid, the villain Vamp is known to be bisexual, and is revealed in dialogue to have adopted the name as an indication of this. Another bisexual villain appears in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater named Colonel Volgin.

See also[]

External links[]

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  • David Buckley (1999). Strange Fascination - David Bowie: The Definitive Story: pp.169-170
  • Nicholas Pegg - The Complete David Bowie: pp.112-113
  • Playfuls.com - Play your life!